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FORD BEGINS PRODUCTION OF 30 HYDROGEN-POWERED FOCUS FUEL CELL VEHICLES FOR EVALUATION FLEETS
• Ford is building an evaluation fleet of advanced hydrogen fuel cell, hybrid electric Focus sedans using Ballard Power Systems’ fuel cell.
• Fleet created in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's solicitation, titled "Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project."
• Vehicles to be placed in fleets in Michigan; Florida; California; Berlin, Germany; and British Columbia, Canada, are part of initiatives to promote development of hydrogen-based technologies.
Ford Motor Company is producing 30 new Focus Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs), to be deployed in evaluation fleets in Orlando, Fla.; Sacramento, Calif.; Taylor, Mich.; Berlin, Germany; and Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
“This Focus FCV is the most sophisticated environmental vehicle Ford has developed,” said Dr. Gerhard Schmidt, Ford Motor Company vice president, Research and Advanced Engineering. “As such, is a critical success in our long-term strategy to move toward high volume production of hydrogen powered cars and trucks.”
The Focus FCV is one of the industry's first hybridized fuel cell vehicles combining the improved range and performance of hybrid technology with the overall benefits of a fuel cell.
The Focus FCV looks and drives like other Focus sedans on the road today, but appearances can be deceiving. Under the hood of the new Focus FCV is a sophisticated hybrid electric powertrain. Tucked under the floor pan is a hydrogen fuel cell and auxiliary energy system that supplies electricity to the powertrain. And in the trunk is a hydrogen tank that carries the car’s renewable hydrogen fuel.
The Ford Focus FCV uses a fuel cell powertrain supplied by Ballard Power Systems, the world leader in proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell technology. The FCV is hybridized with the addition of a nickel metal–hydride battery pack and a brake-by-wire electro-hydraulic series regenerative braking system. The fuel cell engine converts chemical energy into electric energy using hydrogen fuel and oxygen from air. The electric energy then powers the vehicle's electric drive motor, producing only water vapor and heat as by-products.
"This Focus FCV combines our hybrid expertise with advanced fuel cell technology resulting in a vehicle that combines the improved range and performance of a hybrid with the overall benefits of a fuel cell," said Schmidt.
Ford is building an evaluation fleet of Focus FCVs for placement in demonstration programs in the United States, Canada, and Germany. Vehicles will be placed in Michigan, California, and Florida in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's solicitation, titled "Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project." Additional vehicles will be placed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and Berlin, Germany under programs sponsored by the Canadian and German governments. All of these programs are designed to promote development of hydrogen-based technologies.
Additionally, Ford is working with BP plc. to build a network of hydrogen fueling stations in these markets to support the vehicles. Some BP hydrogen refueling stations will evaluate technologies that have near-term commercial feasibility, such as reformation of natural gas, while others will explore more long-term technology options and assess the potential to produce renewable-based hydrogen that achieve U.S. DOE hydrogen fuel cost targets.
Ford, Ballard and DaimlerChrysler have formed an alliance that is at the forefront of fuel cell research and technology development. Ford and DaimlerChrysler are placing fuel cell vehicles in the hands of customers on four continents over the next six months for evaluation.
"The launch of this Ford fuel cell demonstration fleet, together with the previously announced DaimlerChrysler deployments of cars, vans, and buses powered with Ballard® fuel cells clearly demonstrates the strength and leadership of our fuel cell alliance," said Dennis Campbell, president and Chief Executive Officer, Ballard. "This unique collaboration between Ford, DaimlerChrysler and Ballard Power Systems is fielding the most extensive fuel cell vehicle demonstration ever undertaken.
"Over the next two years more than 120 Alliance-built fuel cell vehicles will be on the road in the hands of end-use customers in thirteen different countries," Campbell continued. "The experience we are gaining under actual driving conditions will add immeasurably to our fundamental understanding and keep the Alliance at the forefront of the most sweeping transformation in the history of motor transport."
Ford Motor Company, a global automotive industry leader based in Dearborn, Mich., manufactures and distributes automobiles in 200 markets across six continents. With more than 318,000 employees worldwide, the company’s automotive brands include Aston Martin, Ford, Jaguar, Land Rover, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercury and Volvo.
Its automotive-related services include Ford Credit, Quality Care and Hertz.
Ford is a leader in the development of hydrogen-powered vehicles. It currently has a fleet of Ford Focus fuel cell engineering vehicles testing on the streets of southeast Michigan, and traveling the globe, helping to prove out, develop and demonstrate the technology.
Ballard Power Systems is recognized as the world leader in developing, manufacturing and marketing zero-emission proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Ballard is commercializing fuel cells for transportation applications and fuel cell systems for portable and stationary products. Ballard is also commercializing electric drives for fuel cell and other electric vehicles and power conversion products, and is a Tier 1 automotive supplier of friction materials for power train components. Ballard's proprietary technology is enabling automobile, bus, electrical equipment, portable power and stationary product manufacturers to develop environmentally clean products for sale. Ballard is partnering with strong, world-leading companies, including DaimlerChrysler, Ford and EBARA to commercialize Ballard®
SPECIFICATIONS - FOCUS FUEL CELL VEHICLE
Platform Ford Focus
Body Style 4-Door Sedan
Overall Length 4338 mm (170.8 in)
Overall Width 1758 mm (69.2 in)
Wheelbase 2615 mm (103 in)
Curb Weight 1600 kg (3525 lbs)
Fuel Compressed Hydrogen
Fuel Pressure 5000 psi
Maximum Speed 128+ kph (80+ mph)
Emissions Zero Emissions Vehicle
Driving Range 260-320 km (160-200 mi)
Electric Motor AC Induction
Transaxle Single Speed
Configuration Front Wheel Drive
Peak Power 65 kW (87 hp)
Peak Torque 230 Nm (170 lbs-ft)
Peak Efficiency 91%
TRACTION INVERTER MODULE
Type 3-Phase Bridge
Max Current 330 amps
Min/Max Voltage 250/400 Volts
Nominal Voltage 315 Volts
POWER UNIT — HYBRID FUEL CELL SYSTEM
Type of Fuel Cell Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM)
Stacks Ballard Mark 902 Series
High Voltage Battery SANYO Ni-MH Hybrid Battery System
Regenerative Braking Continental Teves Electro-Hydraulic Brake (EHB) System
Mike Maline - Sdctcher
2005 Ford Escape Hybrid Owner
California School Teacher